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    PEOPLE DO NOT COUNT

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    PEOPLE DO NOT COUNT

    Messaggio Da Asti Ovest il Ven Nov 28, 2014 11:22 pm

    The Italian independent blogger Claudio Messora, former voice of the 5 Star Movement (M5S, Movimento 5 Stelle) presents a report of two american university about  political and lobbies influence on laws guidelines.
    If the people wants a law has little percentage of completion, otherwise if it is something that is good for politics and elites, have high percentage of realization.
    We knew about it, but with the graphics of the universities is better.
    Take a look








    http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9354310

    Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens

    Martin Gilens and Benjamin I. Page

    Abstract
    Each of four theoretical traditions in the study of American politics—which can be characterized as theories of Majoritarian Electoral Democracy, Economic-Elite Domination, and two types of interest-group pluralism, Majoritarian Pluralism and Biased Pluralism—offers different predictions about which sets of actors have how much influence over public policy: average citizens; economic elites; and organized interest groups, mass-based or business-oriented.
    A great deal of empirical research speaks to the policy influence of one or another set of actors, but until recently it has not been possible to test these contrasting theoretical predictions against each other within a single statistical model. We report on an effort to do so, using a unique data set that includes measures of the key variables for 1,779 policy issues.
    Multivariate analysis indicates that economic elites and organized groups representing business interests have substantial independent impacts on U.S. government policy, while average citizens and mass-based interest groups have little or no independent influence. The results provide substantial support for theories of Economic-Elite Domination and for theories of Biased Pluralism, but not for theories of Majoritarian Electoral Democracy or Majoritarian Pluralism.
    Martin Gilens is Professor of Politics at Princeton University (mgilens@princeton.edu). His research examines representation, public opinion, and mass media, especially in relation to inequality and public policy. Professor Gilens is the author of Affluence & Influence: Economic Inequality and Political Power in America (2012, Princeton University Press). Benjamin I. Page is Gordon S. Fulcher Professor of Decision Making at Northwestern University (b-page@northwestern.edu). His research interests include public opinion, policy making, the mass media, and U.S. foreign policy. He is currently engaged in a large collaborative project to study Economically Successful Americans and the Common Good. For helpful comments the authors are indebted to Larry Bartels and Jeff Isaac, to the anonymous reviewers from Perspectives on Politics, and to seminar participants at Harvard University and the University of Rochester.
    Footnotes
      A permanent link to supplementary materials provided by the authors precedes the References section.




    http://scholar.princeton.edu/mgilens/home
    http://pnhp.org/blog/2014/04/21/gilens-and-page-average-citizens-have-little-impact-on-public-policy/





    It's suggesting the book of the G.O.D. (Grande Oriente Democratico) master mason Gioele Magaldi about the UR lodges.







    _________________
    I do not compete with the world. I compete with my ignorance.

    I do not compare myself with the world. I compare myself with my soul’s perfection.

    I do not co-operate with the world stupidity. I co-operate with my heart’s purest sincerity.

    -Sri Chinmoy (1931-2007)



      La data/ora di oggi è Ven Set 22, 2017 1:52 am